In the prior year and for the period to 31 December 2018 the Group sponsored a defined benefit pension scheme in the Netherlands. This was a funded career average pay arrangement, where pensionable salary was subject to a cap and was financed through an insurance contract. The scheme ceased on 31 December 2018.
From 1 January 2019 the employee pension benefit in the Netherlands is being provided through contributions to a new defined contribution scheme and the Group's obligations under the previous pension arrangement ceased. Accordingly the Group ceased to recognise assets and liabilities in respect of the previous arrangement from 1 January 2019 and recognised a curtailment gain of £3.5 million through the income statement.
The other defined benefit pension arrangements operated by the Company are unfunded: Jubilee awards of £0.1 million (2019: £0.1 million) for employees in the Netherlands are recognised within other payables in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position as at 30 June 2020.
The pension cost relating to the defined benefit pension arrangement in the Netherlands was assessed in accordance with the advice of an independent qualified actuary using the projected unit method.
The major actuarial assumptions used by the actuary as part of the valuation of the scheme in the prior year were:
|Rate of increase in accrued pensions of active members||–||0.34%|
|Rate of increase in pensions in payment||–||0.00%|
|Rate of increase in pensions in deferment||–||0.00%|
In valuing the liabilities of the pension scheme at 31 December 2018 mortality assumptions were made as indicated below.
The mortality assumption follows the Prognosetafel AG2016 (2018: Prognosetafel AG2016) mortality tables with an experience adjustment in line with the ES-P2 tables as published by the Dutch Alliance of Insurers.
|Assumed life expectations on retirement age applied at 31 December 2018||Male||Female|
|Retiring today (age 68)||18.7||20.6|
|Retiring in 20 years (age 48)||20.8||22.7|
The assumptions used by the Group are the best estimates chosen by the Directors from a range of possible actuarial assumptions which, due to the timescale covered, may not necessarily be borne out in practice.
Movements in Present Value of Defined Benefit Obligations
|Defined benefit obligation at beginning of the period||–||20.3|
|– Loss from change in financial assumptions||–||0.1|
|– Gain from change in demographic assumptions||–||(0.3)|
|– Experience losses||–||–|
|Foreign exchange difference on translation||–||–|
|Defined benefit obligations at end of the period||–||–|
Movements in Fair Value of Scheme Assets
|Fair value of scheme assets at beginning of the period||–||17.3|
|– Premium adjustment||–||0.1|
|– Return on plan assets||–||(0.3)|
|Foreign exchange difference on translation||–||(0.1)|
|Fair value of scheme assets at end of the period||–||–|
Analysis of the Amount Credited to the Income Statement
|Gain on curtailment of pension scheme||–||(3.5)|
|Net pension (credit)/expense||–||(2.8)|
Cumulative Analysis of the Amount Charged to the Other Statement of Consolidated Income
|Amounts charged in previous periods||–||0.5|
|Actuarial (gain)/loss on defined benefit pension scheme||–||–|
|Net pension expense||–||0.5|
The Group's defined benefit pension scheme in the Netherlands was financed through an insurance contract. Under this contract, a market price for the assets in respect of this insurance contract was not available. In accordance with IAS 19 for such insurance policies, an asset value was calculated by discounting expected future cash flows. The discount rate used for this calculation reflected the risk associated with the scheme assets and the maturity or expected disposal date of those assets. The scheme had no assets at 30 June 2020 (2019: £nil).
The long term rate of return on pension plan assets was determined by aggregating the expected return for each asset class over the strategic asset allocation as at the year end. This rate of return was then adjusted for any expected profit sharing based on market related returns on notional loans.
History of Amounts in the Current Period
|Present value of funded defined benefit obligations||–||–||(20.3)||(17.9)||(17.4)|
|Fair value of scheme assets||–||–||17.3||14.9||13.6|
|Deficit in the scheme||–||–||(3.0)||(3.0)||(3.8)|